Citation Link "Scottsboro Defendants." Civil Rights in the United States, edited by Waldo E. Martin, Jr. and Patricia Sullivan, Macmillan Reference USA, 2000. U.S. History in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/BT2210070035/UHIC?u=ingl29443&xid=740a9b3f. Accessed 21 Mar. 2018.
Scottsboro case, major U.S. civil rights controversy of the 1930s surrounding the prosecution in Scottsboro, Alabama, of nine black youths charged with the rape of two white women. The nine, after nearly being lynched, were brought to trial in Scottsboro in April 1931, just three weeks after their arrests. Not until the first day of the trial were the defendants provided with the services of two volunteer lawyers.
Despite testimony by doctors who had examined the women that no rape had occurred, the all-white jury convicted the nine, and all but the youngest, who was 12 years old, were sentenced to death. The announcement of the verdict and sentences brought a storm of charges from outside the South that a gross miscarriage of justice had occurred in Scottsboro. The cause of the “Scottsboro Boys” was championed, and in some cases exploited, by Northern liberal and radical groups, notably the Communist Party of the U.S.A.
Citation Link - "Scottsboro case." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 14 Dec. 2013. school.ebonline.com/levels/high/article/Scottsboro-case/66372. Accessed 20 Mar. 2018.